Searching for a Bed Bugs pest control? How Do You Know You Have Bed Bugs? Bed Bugs today are a real problem as the insect is one of the most travelled wingless insects in the world. They are a rust coloured insect oval in shape and around 4 to 5mm long when they become adult. If you have a problem of bed bugs in your home or in your business environment call Call Bob on 0407 065 413 or email him at Bob@a1pestcontrolcanberra.com.au
Bed Bug Control Tips
With bed bugs they change colour through to dark red after they have gorged on a blood yes your blood – now that is a horrible thought! Although bed bugs are hard to distinguish as they are flat and thin means which makes detection difficult as they can hide in the narrowest crevices and cracks, making it very difficult for the naked eye to locate them.
There are 2 main species that are commonly named the bed bug and they are called Cimex lectularius, and the other tropical bed bug called Cimex hemipterus. Until recently there was only one type of bug known in Australia but now the tropical version has also recently made a presence.
Bed Bugs Developmental stages:
In all there are 5 juvenile stages, which are known as nymphs, these are really only smaller versions of the adults in appearance. With each nymphal stage requires at least 1 blood meal to moult to the next stage and it takes between 5 to 10 minutes for complete engorgement to occur.
The whole nymphal development takes approx 6 to 8 weeks; meantime the adult bed bugs can live on average for 6 to 12 months. The main food that both the nymphal and adult stages require for both sexes require blood for nutrition and for development.
In the mating stage, each female lays 2 to 3 eggs a day throughout her lifespan. The light whitish coloured eggs are approx 1mm in length are cemented on rough surfaces of where they are hiding, and will hatch within around 10 days at room temperature, but longer in cooler conditions.
You can see how it really doesn’t take much to have a bed bug epidemic as these pests can breed very quickly given the right conditions. As now you can see now how quickly a bed bug problem can multiply and get out of control without the correct treatment.
What do bed bugs eat?
These quiet nasty little bugs are especially adapted physically for piercing through skin and sucking blood your blood mainly is their favourite. As with any blood sucking arthropods, they inject saliva during feeding, which has anticoagulant properties.
The bed bugs are more at home in the warmth and carbon dioxide of a host and quickly home in on a suitable feeding site. The bed bugs tend not to live on humans and the only contact is for a blood meal.
The blood-feeding feast occurs at night, and they generally seek shelter during the day and become inactive while they digest the blood meal from the night before. Saying that though the bed bugs can and will bite in the day especially if starved for a period of time.
It is know that the bed bugs can survive for long periods without a need for blood and although they prefer a human host, as a second choice they will feed on a variety of other warm blooded animals which could include bats, rabbits, rodents and even the family pet looks good if they are hungry.
Where are they hiding?
The bed bugs like to house themselves in various dark locations, which is in close proximity to where people sleep. The bugs like to hide under mattresses, floorboards, paintings and carpets, also they can in cracks and crevices of walls, in bed frames and other furniture, and can even live behind wallpaper.
Bed bugs tend to be in close contact with each other and you will note their presence when there is an infestation as this is usually accompanied by a distinctive sweet sickly smell. Another tell tale sign is blood spotting on mattresses and nearby furnishings.
Bed bugs can easily travel the world as they are easily transported in luggage, clothing, bedding and furniture. It is with their easy ways to transport themselves bed bugs have an international distribution.
What is the best treatment?
When you suspect that you have unwelcome visitors such as bed bugs then your best course of action would be to call in a fully licensed pest control expert.
I say this as they will be able to do a thorough job of getting to all of the favourite places that bugs live and also the fact they will be able to inspect adjoining rooms for other signs of infestation.
The pest control expert is licensed to treat the areas infected by the bugs with a much stronger insecticide than you could safely use.
Keep in mind the breeding cycle of the female bed bug and the fact adult bed bug lays 2-3 eggs per day so without proper treatment you are going to have a big problem soon.
Get the house or hotel rooms treated by a professional at A1 Pest Control Canberra call Bob today 0407 065 413
More risks can arise with the use of insecticides to treat bed bug problems in the home, particularly when individuals attempt to eradicate bed bugs without the help or advice of a professional pest manager. People with no pesticide application experience are using surface spray, fly spray, and sometimes illegal products to attempt to control bed bugs in their homes.
It would be easier buying bed bug mattress encasements, castor or a screw in barriers which have a sticky impassable barrier. Bed bugs can be transferred among people, and that places a great deal of social, emotional and financial stress on sufferers.
Bed Bugs Control Canberra: Control is challenging and costly, and there is still a certain amount of social stigma attached to living with bed bugs. Having bed bugs may restrict the social lives of people. Sufferers avoid visiting friends and family and often throw away belongings, at great cost, and minimal benefit. Rental disputes often occur over who is responsible for the infestation and re-location costs while treatment is taking place.
The following are needed for effective bed bug control
- Cooperation of landlord, management, and resident to focus on the problem
- Accurate identification to be sure it is a bed bug and not another pest
- Identification of the source (especially if bed bugs are moving from an adjacent room or apartment unit)
- Thorough inspection of the facility and identification of all possible hiding spots
- Cleaning and organization of the living area
- Reducing clutter in the home
- Bagging and removal of bedding and clothing from the affected area
- Washing sheets and blankets and drying on HOT setting
- Encasing the mattress in a zippered encasement
- Washing or treating the headboard and bed frame
- Cleaning and removing bed bugs from other items
- Isolating the cleaned (bedbug free) items until bed bugs are gone
- Careful and targeted use of insecticides, following label instructions
- Inspection and treatment of all surrounding adjacent units
- Follow up inspections and all other procedures as needed
Newer non-toxic means of controlling them are with special silicone discs that are fitted around the legs of beds and screw-on castors with a sticky base.
Management of bed bugs should begin at the first sign of a problem. The longer an infestation is allowed to exist, the more difficult and expensive it will be to control. It could take several months to get rid of bed bugs if there is a large infestation.
Knowing how quickly an infestation can happen and how more costly treatments are when it gets to this stage doesn’t it make more sense to have professional pest control management from A1 Pest Control Canberra today to treat your problem? Call Bob today without delay on 0407 065 413
Bed Bug Bites
Bites are usually the early warning sign of a bed bug infestation. Bed bugs feed only on blood. Each life stage feeds, except the egg. They insert the fine stylets from their beak directly into the skin in search of a tiny blood vessel, and may move and bite repeatedly until they find the right spot.
At each point the beak releases saliva into the skin. The saliva contains proteins and enzymes that will cause an allergic reaction in many people. This bite can leave small itchy red welts or white bumps, or sometime blisters or even pustules may result. Some people do not have any reaction at all, even though they are bitten the same amount of times in the same areas.
Not everyone in a residence will react the same way and many times only one person will show signs of bites, leading others to believe it cannot be bed bugs and just imagined by the sufferer. It is critical to confirm bed bugs in the sleeping or living area through inspection to be sure that bites are caused by bed bugs and not by other pests.
WE have Bed-Bug Detectors for commercial hire, and also sell mattress encasements that they can’t escape from, saving your current mattresses! Call us on 0407 065 413 for more info. Bed bug bites can often look like mosquito & flea bites.
If you have some bites, look out for the following signs of bed bug infestation:
- Bed bugs tend to feed on exposed skin, but can feed under loose clothing.
- Bed bugs primarily feed at night in the dark, in a typical situation.
- Under stressed conditions bed bugs may feed during the day.
Stressed conditions include:
- Bed bugs have no access to hosts because people are not sleeping nearby
- When bed bugs are disturbed by cleaning or pesticides they may move to other areas
- As the numbers increase, bed bugs may spread due to overcrowding
- Bed bug bite reactions can take a few minutes or as many as 14 days to appear
- If bed bugs cannot be located in sleeping areas after multiple inspections, other biting pests must be considered
- If local temperatures are over 25° C and the individual is outdoors or has unscreened windows open, mosquito bites must be considered.